Confusions over Confucius' Empty Tomb
The above is also the solution to the riddle of the empty tomb of Confucius. It was also Kao Tsu who initiated the custom of imperial homage to the tomb of Confucius. Since then all emperors either visited the tomb of Confucius in homage or they sent representatives. There were constant gifts and honours from the emperors to Confucius and his family. The Kung family received more and more land.
Confucius' tomb was said to be located within a good Feng Shui site. Qin emperor Shi Huang Di attempted to destroy the Feng Shui of Confucius' tomb by causing a river to flow across the cemetery. But that action unwittingly improved the Feng Shui of the site. Hence, the glory of Confucius and his family down the generations could be attributed to good Feng Shui of the tomb.
Only, during the Cultural Revolution communist Red guards were on a rampage against anything religious. They were mutilating and destroying religious artefacts all over China. They arrived at the cemetery of the Kung family. The tomb of the latest patriarch was opened and the corpse hung from the limb of a tree. The Red guards then proceeded to Confucius' tomb and broke it open. To their surprise they found the tomb empty!
The director of the Confucius memorial committee in Qu Fu confessed they do not know why the tomb was empty.
The answer lies in that during Confucius' time, nobody paid attention to a tomb once the mounring period was over. The records indicate that Confucius' students remained at the tomb for 6 years and then abandoned the tomb. The customary mourning over, the students returned to their homes. Hence, in time, no one later really knew where Confucius was actually buried.
When Han Kao Tsu wanted to pay homage to Confucius, the family of Confucius knew well that the grave of their illustrious founder was long gone and no one knew where it was. But to Kao Tsu this was no real problem. An empty tomb would do as well.
Thus, at that long forgotten beginning, no one was fooled. Everybody at that time accepted the symbolic burial tomb as the proper place to pay homage to Confucius.
Tombs began to assume greater roles for ancestral services with Han Kao Tsu. As tombs now were more frequently visited than before, it was necessary that tomb sites also possessed similar good Feng Shui as seen in the ancestral temples. Previously, no one bothered about Feng Shui of tombs as no one then gave prolonged attention to them. Now, how were people going to ensure good Feng Shui for tombs? That is, the traditional extant Feng Shui practised for ancestral temples had to be adopted and modified for tombs!