on Feng Shui
on Feng Shui

Article FS11/sep4

Part 2: Mystery of the 16 Petals Lotus

Prof. Dr.Ong Hean-Tatt 28th September 2011

Lemurian mandala,
outer ring of 16 points around inner ring of 8 points

  • So many stars in the sky, Center part is the Main Chamber to use.
    The Lily with Thousand Petals, Root starts from a Tiny Drop.

    Xuan Kong Mi Zi 5-6


The first part, discussed in the previous article, evaluates that the 360 years cycle of Tai Yi Shen Shu and its 72 Duns have striking similarities with the characteristic 360 years cycle in Hebrew astrology and the Kabbalic "72 Names of God". This second part evaluates the significance of the 16 sections in the Tai Yi Shen Shu chart.

  • Along the Silk Road there are several relics and artefects which display a 16 points pattern. The potential insights into the 16 divisions chart of Tai Yi Shen Shu.

The Tai Yi Shen Shu chart composes of the 12 Zodiac signs inserted with the 4 diagonal trigrams of Xun-Qian, Kun-Gen, giving 16 sections to the chart. These 16 sections can also be grouped into 8 trigrams-groups as in the typical magic square of 9.


Evidence presented in an earlier article shows that Zi Wei Dou Shu, Western and Hindu astrology systems evolve from the same astronomical sources.

Sigil of Saturn.
Mystery of the Sigil of Saturn

For some time, as published by the author back in 1990, attention has been drawn to that the Chinese Luo Shu magic square of 9 is reflected in the ancient Hebrew talisman of the "Sigil of Saturn".

It is also in Dun Huang location along the Silk Road that the most ancient text of the Lou Shu with its "flying stars patterns" was found. Reputedly of the Sung dynasty, this Dun Huang document indicates that the Luo Shu with its "flying stars patterns" migrated from the Middle East into ancient China, making a stop at Dun Huang.

Tun Huang document on "flight of 9 stars" .

  • Nestorian Christians were known to stop at Dun Huang. Nestorian Christians were also found in Gao Chang, the ancient city much further to the west near Turpan, almost at the western border of China.

    These Nestorian Christians were famous for their Western type astrology. It is inconceivable that their astrology was not practised where they went in ancient China. As they arrived into China during the Tang dynasty, they were likely linked to the sudden emergence of Zi Wei Dou Shu astrology during the Tang dynasty.

    NB: The nature of the "flight of the 9 stars" in the Dun Huang document indicates errors in certain aspects of modern Tai Yi Shen Shu calculations as well as the Xuan Kong usage of the 9 stars.

As noted in the previous article, Lao Zi and the 8 Immortals were Jews or Christians adept in the Kabbalic philosophy. The "72 Talismans" of Tai Shang Lao Jun are based on the 9 stars of the Bei Dou. Likewise, the magic dance of the Eight Immortal is also based on the 9 stars of the Bei Dou. All these involve the magic square of 9. The Jew Lao Zi and Nestorian Christians knew of the "Sigil of Saturn" which was the likely precursor of the Luo Shu magic square of 9.


16 Sections Designs Along Silk Road

The discussion on the magic square of 9 should alert readers to that the 16 sections chart of the Tai Yi Shen Shu divination, through the 8 trigrams of the magic square of 9, is related to the Bei Dou. In fact, a host of Taoist symbolism is based on the Bei Dou.

  • The Dun Huang monastery not only has the most ancient text on the "flight of the 9 stars". The author saw in a number of caves several motifs with the 16 sections.

It was along the Silk Road, when we visited the tomb of King Hui in Hami, that we came across a startling circle symbol with the 16 sections. This circle symbol was a mandala design placed behind the royal throne of the ancient Uygur kings of Sinkiang. This looks strange as the Uygur kings were Muslims.

16 sections mandala behind Uyghur throne .

Previous to this, we had visited the Hu Zhu Ti settlement, where we watched a dance on a round cemented floor. What is surprising is that on the cement floor was engraved a circle with 16 segments.

16 sections mandala on cement dance floor, Hu Zhu Ti settlement. The main part of the HuZhu house, where elder members of the family live, faces south towards the courtyard gate. The lotus features in many of their songs. They worshipped the Dou Goddess and the Qingtian God.

Then, later, also along the Silk Road, we encountered this 16 section mandala in the Turpan museum dedicated to the "Journey to the West" involving the Monkey God and his Taoist priest master. This 16 sections mandala was associated with Tai Shang Lao Jun, whose figure was displayed in the museum.

16 sections mandala, at Monkey God Museum, Turpan

In the Turpan museum of the Water Conservancy Project we also came across an antique stone whorl with the 16 rays.

The 16 sections design appears to abound in the Turpan region of the Silk Road, right to the western border of China. It looks like that the original form of Tai Yi Shen Shu divination was in existence in the Turpan region of the Silk Road.


Hindu Visuddha, Throat Chakra .

Hindu yangtra mandala .

Jain Mahavira mandala .

Tibetan Sand Mandala .

Buddhist Guhyasamaja mandala .

16 Bodhisattva .

Mesoamerican Mandala .

Lemurian mandala .

Cultural Distribution of the 16 Sections Mandala

What is the real significance of the 16 sections?

The 16 sections pattern is found in many significant mandalas across several religious cultures all over the world, vis:

  • The Hindu Vishuddha throat chakra. The Fifth Chakra is called Visuddha or Vishuddhi (Purity), and is located on the spine at the height of the throat. The Vishuddhi Chakra (Lotus of 16 Petals) corresponds with the Planet Venus, the Element of Spirit (Akasha Tattwa), Alchemical Copper, and the Atu of Thoth called "The Empress". Its special symbol is the Egg; its Hindu Deity is Sada-Shiva; its Shakti is Shakini; and its Bija is HAM. In the Initiation System of the Thelemic Order of the Golden Dawn, Vishuddhi pertains to the Grade of Magister Templi, who is the Master of the Law of Sorrow (Dukkha) and of the Mystery of Joy (Ananda).

  • Hinduism: Yantra mandalas resonate with energy and beauty. They are meant to engross the mind and bring one to a higher level of enlightenment. Their outermost ring is a flame representing the burning of impurities as you enter the mandala. The inner ring of lotus petals symbolises the 'pure place.' Mantras (recitations) and mudras (hand symbols) often accompany mandala meditation.

  • Jain painting of Mahavira.

  • Tibetan monks making a temporary "Sand-Mandala"

  • Buddhist Guhyasamaja mandala. In addition to their constructional similarities, altars and mandalas share a significant ritual similarity as well: both are impermanent structures. Just as the Vedic altar is abandoned after the completion of the sacrificial ritual, the sand of the mandala is swept away after the completion of the tantric ritual, and then poured into a nearby stream or river. The mandala represented above is known as Guhyasamaja, one of the five proportional classes of mandalas given in the Vajravali tradition. The iconographic details of mandalas may further vary within each proportional class. In the iconographic study by Loden Sherap Dagyab, for instance, three different iconographic variations are given for the Guhyasamaja mandala.

  • The Sixteen Great Bodhisattva are of particular importance to Zen practitioners, who recite the 16 Great Bodhisattva Precepts in various ceremonies at Soto Zen centers worldwide, in particular during the Bodhisattva Initiation Ceremony.

  • Mesoamerican mandala.

  • Lemuria: Motherland Mu and cross symbols. In the middle is the emblem of motherland Mu consisting of a cross and an eight pointed star. It is surrounded by further 16 cross symbols which are all representing the "Big Four" and which are directly connected with motherland Mu. These signs were found on stone slabs in Mexico.

The 16 sections pattern is that of the 16 petals lotus and appears to be a universal pattern found even in the Americas. It appears to be involved in incantation rituals to manipulate joy and sorrow.


Cover page of Jewish Massoretic text.

Shalom Mandala.

The Jewish or Hebrew Mandala

It will be asked, after seeing all these 16 petals lotus mandalas among several religious cultures, whether the Jews or Hebrews had similar 16 section mandalas or patterns?

Well, on the left is the cover page of the Hebrew Massoretic text of the Old Testament. Below that is the Jewish Shalom mandala.

The Hebrew mandala has the 16 points in a circle outside the inner circle of the 6 points "Star of David". Incidentally, the 6-points star is often also found in the Asian mandalas.

It is unlikely that there was a migration of symbols from Asia into the Jewish culture. It was more likely that the Jewish "Star of David" and the 16 points mandala migrated into Asia.


The emperors reserved for themselves certain secrets without which the common people would be using deviated forms of astrology.
Significance of the Lotus

Bei Dou is central in Chinese astrology. In ancient cultures, Bei Dou was called the Lotus, Swastika, Whorl, Wheel and even Cross, which were invariably cast as major regulators of Destiny. This indicates ancient knowledge that major astrological energies channel through the polar regions. MacKenzie (1926 page xii to xv) writes that the ancient cultures were aware of this origin of the swastika and cross from Ursa Major the Big Bear:

  • Symbols like the spiral and swastika can be traced either to their periods or areas of origins. The first mentioned is undoubtedly of greatest antiquity. Its introduction and diffusion in Paleolithic times appears to have been directly due to the magico-religious use of whorled shells. The Greek and Latin word "helix", applied to the snail-shell, to coiled wire, to the external part of the ear and to a species of ivy which grows in spiral form, and the Latin "helice" which signified "a winding", and was also applied to the "Great Bear" (Ursa Major) constellation, emphasize of themselves how complex the inherited and widely-diffused spiral symbolism formerly was.
    ... in China, we find the spiral as a symbol of the sun and moon and intimately associated with the "Great Bear" (Ursa Major) constellation, the ancient Chinese "chariot" of the chief god of the Universe [Shang Ti]. Like the whirlwind and the "makara", this stellar "chariot" was a "carrier" of a deity...
    The swastika, which was associated with the spiral in many areas, appears, as is shown, to have been introduced some times after the discovery of agriculture and the fixing of the cardinal points. Its development from the equal-limbed cross of the early mariners ... apparently took place when it was discovered that the revolving "Great Bear" constellation indicates the seasons, pointing, with its "tail", eastward in spring, southward in summer, westward in autumn and northward in winter.
    As a cross of the cardinal points, the swastika appears to have been originally a symbol of the world under the guardianship and control of the season-ruling gods of the four cardinal points... the swastika was used at Troy sometimes as a symbol of the four gods of the cardinal points, sometimes as a symbol of one of these gods, and sometimes as a symbol of the sun as ruler of all the gods... Not the least interesting of the surviving swastika symbols is the Navaho (Red Indian) "whirling logs" - an equal-limbed cross, with gods perched on each point, giving it a swastika form. The cross is kept revolving in a "whirlpool lake" which is situated in the north - the north of the sky. The spiral and swastika were apparently definitely connected with the revolving "Great Bear" (Ursa Major) constellation in the New World as well as the Old....
    ...Owing to the persistence and cultural influence of spiral symbolism.."twisted trees" and those plants that during growth climb supports in spiral fashion, became sacred to agriculturists, and horticulturists. The arbitrary association of sacred, milk-yielding cult animals with sacred trees, was affected after it has been found that the fig and other trees yield a milk-like fluid. Evidence is provided in this connection to show why the sacred milk-yielding tree was ultimately placed in the Paradise of the "sky world". Trees that, like the vine, yield a watery fluid - "water of life" - were likewise invested with sanctity, and so were "fire-yielding" trees, the twigs of which were used to produce what is referred to in Gaelic as "friction fire."

The ancient traditions show that Ursa Major the Big Bear is the key to the mysterious sacred and profound meanings of related symbols like the lotus, cross, swastika, spiral and "tree of life", as well as the "river of waters or milk"!

Xue Xin Fu, Snow Heart, shows that the ancient Feng Shui of the Ming Tang and its associated astrology were based on the lotus:

  • Heavily wrap up in red lotus petal, cave is in the flower heart. One after another (all) bowing down and guarding Zi Wei Yuan (Purple Star city), staying lofty at king seat. Xue Xin Fu 55-56

Thus, the 16 sections chart of Tai Yi Shen Shu has a likely Jewish or Hebrew Kabbalic origin.


The lotus is the key to the 16 points mandalas in the ancient cultures all over the world. Obviously, the 8 points aspects of the Chinese geomancy should have alerted to the 16 points lotus key. The 8 points form a major part of the Xuan Kong Feng Shui calculations. Perhaps, it is not fully realised that Xuan Kong Feng Shui is based on the same lotus theme as Tai Yi Shen Shu, as reflected in the opening verses of the Xuan Kong song below:

  • So many stars in the sky, Center part is the Main Chamber to use.
    The Lily with Thousand Petals, Root starts from a Tiny Drop.

    Xuan Kong Mi Zi 5-6

Part 1. Historical Origins


Astronomical Basis of Chinese Astrology

UREKA! We would like to announce that our scientific research has finally discovered the astronomical bodies and movements responsible for the 3, 24, 72 and 360 years cycles in Tai Yi Shen Shu. The findings extend beyond our previous establishment of the astronomical basis of the Ganzhi system with its 10 tiangan and 12 dizhi signs, the 180 years San Yuan periodicity with its 20 years "9 Yuns", and the over 100 stars of Zi Wei Dou Shu. Our knowledge of the astronomy of the Chinese astrology systems is now quite comprehensive.

These astronomical basis underlies not only the Chinese geomancy, but even those in Western and Hindu astrology. The Western, Hindu and Chinese astrology systems are all the same, even as we previously reported some time ago (

Practitioners, even so-called masters, should realise that their lack of comprehension of the astronomical basis of their Chinese geomancy makes their understanding only so so. Their knowledge has stagnated, making them somewhat out of date. These great astonishing findings will be taught to students of our science oriented courses. Knowledge of the astronomical basis will enable formulations of proper scientific cures for astrology problems - no hocus pocus superstitious treatments.


Read startling highlights of our findings on Zi Wei Dou Shu, including how the emperor faked the current Zi Wei Dou Shu!

Some of the faked aspects also affect the Ba Zi Eight Characters, Qi Men Dun Jia, Liu Ren, Tai Yi, which are actually inferior astrology systems extracted from a small part of Zi Wei Dou Shu.

Insights from Ho Peng Yoke's "Chinese Mathematical Astrology"


Online Home Study courses are coming out on the methodologies of Qi Men Dun Jia, Liu Ren and Tai Yi divination and their serious errors. Write in to register your interest in our non-exorbitant courses.

Special articles from Dr. Ong's monumental scientific astronomical research into Chinese astrology and Feng Shui. Gui Management Centre is making available preliminary findings of our highly scientific research into Chinese astrology and Feng Shui, backed up by intensive analysis of the ancient texts.

Related articles on Ba Zi Eight Characters Divination :