on Feng Shui
on Feng Shui

Article FS08/mar4
4. Misunderstandings over ancient Feng Shui texts
like Qing Nang Aow Yi, Tian Yu Jing, etc.

Prof. Dr. Ong Hean-Tatt 16th March 2008


The Xuan Kong Feng Shui schools debate over and have different often conflicting intepretations for the 5 ancient Feng Shui texts noted in the Di Li Bian Zheng, Earth Science, Discern Truth, namely:

  • Qing Nang Jing , Green Satchel Classic.
  • Qing Nang Xu , Green Satchel Continuation.
  • Qing Nang Aow Yi , Green Satchel, Secret of the Universe.
  • Tian Yu Jing , Heaven Jade Classic.
  • Du Tian Bao Zhou Jing , Capital Heaven Treasure Shining Classic.

The last 3 texts are attributed to the great Tang grandmaster Yang Yun Sung, circa AD 880. The first is attributed to Huang Shih Kung, circa 250 BC, while Qing Nang Xu was written by Zeng Wen Chan, the student of Yang Yun Sung. These 5 texts are evidently meant to be taken together.

The end of Ming dynasty (circa AD 1600) Xuan Kong Fei Xing Feng Shui grandmaster, Jiang Da Hong tried to interpret these five ancient texts and thus wrote his Di Li Bian Zheng. In the early 1900s, Tan Yang Wu, initially a Fei Xing master, also tried to intepret the Di Li Bian Zheng. But he renounced Fei Xing and later he rewrote new intepretations according to Xuan Kong Liu Fa.

  • His attempts, even when a Fei Xing master, to intepret Di Li Bian Zheng indicate that he either did not accept Jiang Da Hong's intepretations or he did not understand what Jiang Da Hong wrote. In the end, as a Liu Fa master after renouncing Fei Xing, he rejected what Jiang Da Hong wrote. But neither he nor Jiang Da Hong understood the texts.

The author has studied in depth the above 5 ancient texts and found that both Jiang Da Hong and Tan Yang Wu had seriously misunderstood the 5 ancient texts. In fact these ancient texts appear to be a great mystery to the current Xuan Kong practitioners.

Summary of the 5 Ancient Texts

Qing Nang Jing, Tian Yu Jing and Du Tian Bao Zhou Jing each have 3 divisions into Upper, Middle and Lower chapters. For convenience, we may also divide the other two texts into 3 parts. It may be useful to note in brief what topics these ancient texts are discussing:

Qing Nang Jing
Upper Chapter: Hetu, Early Heaven Bagua, Later Heaven Bagua, Evolution of Tai Chi into Yin Yang
Middle Chapter: Time Measurements by star constellations, gnomon stick
Lower Chapter:The Lower scroll describes that qi produced by Heaven is affected by certain landform factors on Earth before the final effects on Man.

  • Qing Nang Xu
    Part 1: Luan Tou Ming Tang Ci Xiong technique to find physical location of Golden Dragon and Incoming Dragon. Solar radiation as source of qi.
    Part 2: Time Measurememts through 24 Mountains. Time Cycle of Water Hydrology
    Part 3: Errors in Measurements

  • Qing Nang Aow Yi
    Part 1: Time markers of Auspiciousness
    Part 2: Luan Tou rules for locating Jin Lung, Golden Dragon
    Part 3: Time and Physical Methods to Activate and Enhance Qi

  • Tian Yu Jing
    Upper Chapter: Luan Tou features of physical landform formation of the Four Cardinal Directions with its South "city gate" frontage.
    Middle Chapter: 24 Mountains affecting Time status of Water Flows coming to South "city gate" Frontage - Ai Xing and Tai Sui.
    Lower Chapter: This Outer Chapter describes the auspicious and inauspicious effects if the water mouth is matched with a favourable or unfavourable Element.

  • Du Tian Bao Zhou Jing
    Upper Chapter: Physical features of Lung hsueh and Ming Tang.
    Middle Chapter: Yun Chien method of 6 axes of 24 Mountains
    Lower Chapter: Physical features of water flows .

    Date Error in San Yuan Feng Shui!
    San Yuan practitioners have been using the 20 years "Yun" without realising it is now two Periods out of date! The 20 Years "Yun" is due to the Saturn Jupiter conjunction which has a cycle of 20 years. It is now no longer Period 8 but Period 1! The Xuan Kong "Yun" is now two cycles out of date! Find out why.
    The inability of the Xuan Kong people to understand the astronomical basis of their art is the main cause of the uncertainty and divisions among them. This inability was a major factor in Tan Yang Wu's frustration with trying to understand how the 9 numbers fly. When he could not understand, he gave up and fell prey to Xuan Kong Liu Fa's arguments.

    Major Errors in the Intepretations by Xuan Kong schools

    A glance at the structures of the 5 ancient texts show that each of the text is essentially a mixture of Form and Compass rules. The Xuan Kong Liu Fa group may find traces of their favourite "6 Methods": Xuan Kong, Ci Xiong, Jin Lung, Ai Xing, Cheng Men (city gate) and Tai Sui. Only, what Yang Yun Sung compiled are very different from what the Liu Fa group thought.

    Except for Qing Nang Jing, each of the other 4 texts stresses that the site must be a hsueh conforming to the Luan Tou Four Cardinal Directions and Four Heraldic Beasts formation with a South frontage.

    • Qing Nang Xu and Qing Nang Aow Yi also mention the Jin Lung, Golden Dragon" and identify that the Golden Dragon has a physical formation arriving at the South frontage of the Ming Tang.

      • First is to identify the movement of the Golden Dragon, second is to examine the blood vein of the incoming dragon.
        Dragon is selected from the two sectors of Yin and Yang. Water is carefully tracked from the intersection of the three river flows. Qing Nang Xu
        2.3 to 2.6

        Recognise the Jin Lung (Golden Dragon), the book and text have endless meanings to them.
        The first step, identify the movement and stopping of the dragon body.
        The second step, incoming dragon and Ming Tang must not be off point.Qing Nang Aow Yi
        3.29, 3.30, 3.33 to 3.36

      It is a serious error for the Xuan Kong Liu Fa people to claim that the Jin Lung has a Time rotation through the 8 trigrams sectors. The Jin Lung is a physical Luan Tou feature and not a Compass feature!

    A major reason for the failure to recognise the supremacy of the Luan Tou hsueh Ming Tang formation is that the readers of the Di Li Bian Zheng are not familiar with the other texts written by Yang Yun Sung, especially the Han Lung Jing and Yi Lung Jing . The Han Lung Jing and Yi Lung Jing provide extensive descriptions of the physical hsueh.

    Both the Tian Yu Jing and Du Tian Bao Zhou Jing describe that the water flows must converge to meet the Golden Dragon at the South frontage. That is, the water flows may originate at several locations along the side Lung Hu ridges, but they all meet the Golden Dragon at the center of the hsueh, i.e. the South frontage to the Ming Tang.

    • Water reaching jade street government official then be arrived, producing child prodigy and Chong Guan (highest grade of examination results). If the silk ribbon staying at the water mouth, reverend emperor near the prime minister. Tian Yu Jing

      All those Xuan Kong theories about auspicious and inauspicious entries and exits for the water flows are misleading, not supported by the 5 ancient texts of the Di Li Bian Zheng. These people have thoroughly misunderstood what Yang Yun Sung and his people had written.

      The water arriving at the South frontage has a qi status depending on the Time. The 24 Mountains or 24 Guas are to identify two sets of signs, [1] the prevailing dizhi sign and [2] the prevailing trigram, of the water flow arriving at the Jin Lung.

      Repeat: there may be a number of entries for the water flows, but there is only one major exit at the South frontage. The water arriving at the South frontage has a qi status determined by Time.

    Owing to the nature of the water entry and the side Lung Hu ridges, the physical hsueh has a certain fixed qi status. The water flow to the South frontage however has a changeable qi status as measured through the 24 Mountains. Matching will thus indicate whether there is a harmony or clash, producing either beneficial effects or disasters. This is a complex exercise beyond this article.

    Undoubtedly, these 5 ancient texts discuss much about the 24 Mountains. But what is not realised is that these 24 Montains are all Time measurements, which should not be used to displace Luan Tou methods for determining physical locations. The confusion over the status of the 24 Mountains as Time markers blinded readers to their true significance.


    Once the matching is done, the 5 ancient texts also indicate that it is possible to use physical features to modify the qi balance. These physical tools often are in the form of plants and rocks, which is why the imperial palaces were permeated by these qi modifiers.

    The integration of the Luan Tou hsueh and Ming Tang with the Time changes in qi is surprisingly recorded by Confucius in his Li Chi , Book of Rites. It goes to show that practitioners trying to break through the veil of the Di Li Bian Zheng lack sufficient insights, due to their lack of reading the wider texts of Yang Yun Sung as well as ignorance of the Feng Shui written down by Confucius.

    This article shows that Feng Shui is much more complicated than realised by either the Lui Fa group or Fei Xing group, both of whom are way out in their understanding of Yang Yun Sung. As expounded by Tang grandmaster Yang Yun Sung in his monumental books, there are complex inter-relationships between the Form and Compass approaches. All will do well to cooperate and recover the original Feng Shui.

    Contact me if you want to learn the original integrated Feng Shui of the "Heaven Sign". This "Heaven Sign" Feng Shui is also what I call "Confucius' Ching Yang Feng Shui" , as Confucius wrote about it, that secrets of the Dragon-Phoenix convulsions. Find out the original secrets of the Ming Tang with our courses below:


    GUI Management Centre offers advance science oriented information rich courses backed by scientific research and reference to ancient Feng Shui texts. These fantastic Master courses are comprehensive and practical enough for you to do Feng Shui audits.


    Related Articles:

    please direct questions, discussions, email to: guiunicorn@gmail.com

  • The secrets of Xuan Kong Feng Shui cannot be deciphered without study of the texts written by Confucius!

    The oldest texts on Feng Shui were written by Confucius.